Threatened and Endangered: Avian

Bald Eagle: state endangered, protected by Eagle Protection Act

California Condor: state and federally endangered

Golden Eagle: state and federally protected species

Least Bell’s Vireo: state and federally endangered

Southwestern Willow Flycatcher: state and federally endangered

Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo: state and federally endangered

Threatened and Endangered: Terrestrial

Arroyo Toad: federally endangered, state special concern

California Red-legged Frog: federally threatened, state special concern

Desert Tortoise: state and federally threatened

Mohave Ground Squirrel: state threatened

Sierra Madre Yellow-legged Frog: federally threatened, state special concern

Southern Rubber Boa: state threatened

State and Federal listed Species of Special Concern: Avian

Arizona Bell’s Vireo

Bendire’s Thrasher

Burrowing Owl

Cooper’s Hawk

Crissal Thrasher

Ferruginous Hawk

Gray Vireo

Hepatic Tanager

LeConte’s Thrasher

Loggerhead Shrike

Northern Harrier

Southern Spotted Owl

Summer Tanager

Tricolored Blackbird

Virginia’s Warbler

Yellow Warbler

Yellow-breasted Chat

Migratory Birds 

Migration studies by USFWS in 1986 and  Southern California Edison in the early 1990s established that the San Bernardino Mountains are a major bird migration corridor. As many as 200 avian species visit the Upper Mojave River area adjacent to Juniper Flats. Significant numbers of endangered, threatened, and sensitive species are known to occur in the adjacent San Bernardino National Forest and in adjacent desert and cismontane environments.

According to ecological consultant James W. Cornett, “As currently designed, the (North Peak Wind) project can be expected to wreak havoc on migratory bird movements. For this reason, it is absolutely imperative the project proponent be required to use radar to precisely determine how and where migratory birds move through the area. If this technique is not used, no conclusion can be reached regarding the project’s impacts on birds.”

Species of Special Concern: Bats

Pallid Bat

Spotted Bat

Townsend’s Big-eared Bat

Western Mastiff Bat

Western Red Bat

Western Small-footed Myotis

Western Yellow Bat

Yuma Myotis

Other Species of Special Concern

American Badger

Burrowing Owl

California Mountain King Snake

Coast Horned Lizard

Cooper’s Hawk

Large-blotched Salamander

Long-eared Owl

Mojave River Vole

Pallid San Diego Pocket Mouse

San Bernardino Flying Squirrel

Two-striped Garter Snake

Other Significant Species

Badger: reliant on linkage between San Bernardino Mountains and Granite Mountains

Bighorn Sheep: reliant on broad areas of linkages between San Bernardino Mountains and Granite Mountains.

Mountain Lion: indicator of the connectivity of natural habitats, reliant on linkage between San Bernardino Mountains and Granite Mountains

Mule Deer: indicator of habitat diversity and overall ecosystem health

Federally Endangered Flora

California Dandelion

Cushenbury Buckwheat

Cushenbury Milkvetch

Cushenbury Oxytheca

San Bernardino Bluegrass

San Diego Ambrosia

Federally Threatened Flora

Big Bear Valley Sandwort

Parish’s Daisy

Southern Mountain Buckwheat

State and County Protected Flora

Joshua Tree

California Oak Woodlands